A popular tourist destination, Prague is the capital of Czech Republic, which is advantageously located in Central Europe at the key spot of the vital land routes in Europe. European Union acknowledged Czech Republic as its member in May, 2004. Summers here are hot and winters are cold, indicating a temperate climate.
Czech Republic borders Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east, Germany to the northwest and west and Poland to the north. The official language here is Czech. The main cities are: České Budějovice, Zlín, Hradec Králové, Pardubice and Karlovy Vary, Ústí nad Labem, Brno, Ostrava, Plzeň, Olomouc. Residents usually dress conservative. They make an exception only for social events.Czech Republic can be reached by rail. For those who come from Western Europe the most comfortable routes are via Zurich, Munich, Vienna, Berlin and Frankfurt to Prague. For this purpose exists a vast network of trains which links country with the majority of key cities of Europe.
Another way to get to Czech Republic is by air. There are plenty of small airlines here, but the main and biggest one is Czech Airlines, the national airline of Czech Republic. Ruzyne International Airport (PRG) which is located 10 miles north west of Prague is the major airport here.
There are many places of interest in Czech Republic, for example Old Town Square (Staromĕstské Námestí), the most boisterous square of Prague, where different markets, like Christmas one, are hosted. Here, many historical structures are situated. Another remarkable sight is Vyšehrad – an interesting hill fort built above the river on a rock. The Castle District (Hradèany) is the spot that definitely mustn’t be missed.
Here are located beautiful gardens, fortifications, state apartments, some of the best churches and museums. One more extremely popular place of interest is St Vitus Cathedral – it is the largest church in the country and it is located in the Castle District. A distinctive and famous feature of this cathedral is the spires which soar high in the sky. The Jewish Museum also deserves a visit, being the largest Museum in Central Europe and possessing the enormous collection of Judaic art works. Charles Bridge (Karluv Most) worth mentioning as one of the favorite spots of the city, attended by visitors from every corner of the globe.